The judiciary is considered the third important pillar of democracy. Judges are the most crucial players in the legal system. Judges must function effectively for democracy to succeed. The highest civil court in a district is the court of district judges. According to the volume of cases and the population distribution in each district, the District Courts of India may be spread across multiple districts or within a single district.
District Judges serve as the chief judges of the District Courts in their respective jurisdiction. They are in charge of carrying out district-level justice administration in India. It includes both judicial and administrative powers. The District Judges have jurisdiction over all cases within their jurisdiction, both civil and criminal. The district court is also referred to as a court of Sessions when it uses the Code of Criminal Procedure to administer criminal cases.
The district judge is also referred to as a “metropolitan session judge” when sitting over a court in a city that the state has designated as being a “metropolitan region.” Some Additional District Judges and Assistant District Judges may be assigned to help the district judge depending on how much work is allotted to him. In terms of jurisdiction, the Additional District Judge and the court over which he presides are equal to the District Judge and his district court.
On the other hand, the district judge has managerial responsibility for the Additional and Assistant District Judges, including the authority to decide how the workload is divided among them. Judges must be appointed in accordance with the Indian Constitution, which must be followed in every step of the procedure.
The appointment of District Judges is discussed in Article 233. It describes the requirements that must be satisfied to be considered for an appointment as a district judge. The governor and the chief justice of the state’s high court have the final say in who runs the state’s district courts and where judges are chosen. As per Article 233– “Appointment of district judges”
- Appointments of persons to be, and the posting and promotion of, district judges in any State shall be made by the Governor of the State in consultation with the High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such State
- A person not already in the service of the Union or of the State shall only be eligible to be appointed a district judge if he has been for not less than seven years an advocate or a pleader and is recommended by the High Court for the appointment.
So One must have to practice law for at least seven years to be appointed as a district judge. After that, he must have to pass an examination conducted by the State Public Service Commission and later an interview with a panel of High Court judges. Based on the Chief Justice of the High Court’s recommendations, the state’s governor will nominate the District judges.
Promotion from lower courts to district courts is another way that district judges might be chosen, provided they have the necessary number of years of experience. It should be noted that the selected candidate cannot hold any other positions with the State or the Union. Therefore, It can be concluded that being the most significant part of the judiciary, judges must be selected properly, and special consideration must be given to their selection.