Artificial Intelligence and its scope in India

    Artificial Intelligence

     Artificial intelligence is a simulation of human intelligence processed by machines, especially computer systems. AI is intelligence demonstrated by machines, as opposed to the natural intelligence displayed by humans or animals.

    AI applications include advanced web search engines, recommendation systems, understanding human speech, self-driving cars and competing at the highest level in strategic game systems. As machines become increasingly capable, tasks considered to require “intelligence” are often removed from the definition of AI, a phenomenon known as the AI effect. The use of AI in the legal system is still in its beginning stage but is slowly being adopted by several countries, law firms, and judiciaries.

    It provides effective solutions to lawyers by pointing out the legal infirmities in judgments and provides assistance in drafting contractual documents, due diligence, legal analytics, etc. AI can act as a medium in lessening the burden of the judiciary, especially in the cases that involve menial offenses, leaving the complex cases to be decided by human judges.

    Scope In India

    India does not have specific laws for data protection but personal information is safeguarded under Section 43A and Section 72A of The Information Technology Act.

    It gives a right to compensate for improper disclosure of personal information similar to GDPR. In 2017, the Supreme Court declared the Right to privacy as a Fundamental Right protected under the Indian Constitution. AI is being adapted and encouraged in India at a faster pace than expected. The need for regulation arose due to the increased advancement in the adoption of AI. Now, the Government is stuck by contriving new laws, and guidelines in regards to AI.

    In 2017, one of the steps taken to protect the people was the introduction of the Right to Privacy as a fundamental right shielded under the Indian Constitution. And also a Personal Data Protection Bill has been drafted in 2019, once it is passed by both houses of the Parliament it will become a law.

    The Government of India has prioritized building up a Digital India and has launched various schemes related to AI. According to NITI Aayog has adopted a three jagged theory:

    • Initiate projects which involve the full proof concept of AI
    • Building an atmosphere and ecosystem of AI in India.
    • Collaboration with contributors and professionals.

    In 2018, NITI Aayog introduced the National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence. Also, the Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology began to focus on AI. In February 2018, it set up four committees to prepare a solid base plan for a national AI program. The four committees are presently studying AI in the context of citizen-centric services, data platforms, skilling, reskilling, and R&D; and legal, regulatory, and cybersecurity perspectives.

    Artificial Intelligence is the replacement of a lawyer?

    The legal sector has seen the introduction of many new software where technology has improved the efficiency of lawyers, contract analysis, trademark search software, legal research software, etc.

    However, none of the AI-based software or programs target to take a lawyer’s job and all the AI-based software are increasing the authenticity, and accuracy of research and analysis and the same is more result-oriented now.

    The legal profession is mainly driven by analysis, decision making, and representation which cannot be automated. AI-based software can reduce a lawyer’s time and effort considerably and can help lawyers and firms give more authentic and result-oriented suggestions to their clients. However, these AI-based and automated assisting tools and software are not going to replace the lawyer’s job where analysis, decision making, and stratification is required but would actually make them more efficient & competent while automating various clerical tasks.

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    (MARCH – APRIL 2022)



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