Casino and Gambling in India- Legal or Illegal?

gambling laws

Gambling is the act of wagering or investing something of value on the outcome of a game, a contest, or an uncertain event whose conclusion may be determined by chance or accident, or have an unexpected consequence due to the bettor’s mistake.

A casino is designed to be used for gambling. Blackjack, slot machines, poker, and the roulette wheel are all popular games played here. Casinos are generally found in five-star hotels. The first thing that springs to mind when we think of a casino is Las Vegas, commonly regarded as the gambling capital of the United States.

The Gaming Act of 1867

The Gaming Act of 1867, commonly known as the Public Gambling Act, was enacted to regulate gambling in India. Gambling is a state matter, and only Indian states have the authority to enact laws governing gaming operations inside their borders. The two exceptions are Goa and Sikkim, which have legalized gambling and betting in their states, subject to state government control. Casinos have been legalized in several states, such as Goa.

After the creation of the Goa, Daman, and Diu Public Gambling Act in 1976, the state of Goa authorised gambling. Later, it was changed to allow slot machines in five-star hotels and card rooms on offshore boats, subject to the State Government’s previous approval and authorization and payment of a recurring charge.

After the implementation of The Sikkim Regulation of Gambling (Amendment) 2005, the State government is authorised to notify the defined regions where authorization can be granted for the operation of casinos for a charge.

There are now two casinos in Sikkim and ten in Goa in India. This provides a summary of the current gambling regulations in India, and it can be observed that there are substantial limitations on any type of wagering and gambling operations in India. In India, every gambling law has excluded games of skill from the definition of gaming. There has been a lot of debate over how to distinguish between games of skill and games of chance, because games of luck maybe a lot of fun.

Game of skills or Game of Luck?

In India, every gambling law has excluded skill games from the definition of gaming. There has been a lot of debate over how to distinguish between games of skill and games of chance because games of luck can be deemed gambling because a person’s intelligence plays relatively little role in a game of luck.

Gambling may be understood in two ways: in its classic form and in its current incarnation. In a classic gambling environment, it may be interpreted in terms of brick, physical space, and motor, but in current forms, it can be understood in terms of the internet, mobile phones, and so on.

Related Case Laws –

The court in the case of State of Andhra Pradesh v K. Satyanarayana and Ors [AIR 1968 SC 825] said that “The game of Rummy, unlike the ‘three-card’ game referenced in the Madras case to which we were directed, is not totally based on chance”.

The ‘three cards’ game, often known as ‘flush,’ ‘brag,’ and other variations, is a pure chance game. Rummy, on the other hand, necessitates some talent because the card’s fall must be memorized, and the game’s construction necessitates great skill in holding and discarding cards.

As a result, we can’t conclude that Rummy is a completely random game. It is primarily and primarily a skill-based game.


Only if suitable laws and regulations are established and implemented by government authorities, owners, and customers is casino gambling truly an issue. The most famous and profitable casino houses are found in the world’s most prominent cities and tourist attractions because they adhere to tight laws and restrictions imposed by their regulators and authorities. The best examples span from the casinos in Las Vegas, which are the furthest west, to the casinos in Singapore, Hong Kong – Macau, and Kuala Lumpur, which are the furthest east.



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