Child Protection Laws in India

The core child protection legislation for kids is enshrined in four main laws: The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act (2000, amended in 2015); The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006); The Protection of kids from Sexual Offences Act (2012), and therefore The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act (1986).

Child sexual abuse and rape is an unprecedented national crisis. In India, three children(kids) are raped and five children(kids) are sexually mistreated every hour. Justice is being denied to the child victims of sexual crime and rape because of the inadequacies of India’s justice delivery system.

The law mandates that the trial of cases below the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act be completed in 1 year and trials in rape cases are completed in 2 months. It needs that child victims run compensation, psychological state, and paraprofessional support to navigate the advanced criminal justice system and to continue the fight for justice. However, there’s a disconnect between the law and its implementation in cases of child sex crimes. Most cases of child sexual crimes go unreported. Typically, a lot of victims are suppressed by the social stigma, lack of support, and therefore the incontrovertible fact that the committer could be noted to the family, preventing a majority of victims from complaining about the crime.  People who have the spirit to take on the fight for justice face inhuman challenges. Delays in the trial, an insensitive system, and therefore the lack of a legal deterrent revictimizes the child and sometimes leads to victims and witnesses becoming hostile. This must end.

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) 2012, maybe a comprehensive law created to shield kids from sexual assault (crime), harassment, rape, and pornography. Its provisions line up Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs), offer lawyers, and provide different forms of support to child victims.

Violence against kids is widespread and remains a harsh reality for hundreds of children from all socioeconomic parts of India. Both girls and boys in India face early weddings, domestic abuse, sexual violence, violence at home and in school, and trafficking. All types of violence, abuse, and exploitation have long-lived consequences on children’s lives. Basic information on violence, abuse and exploitation isn’t enough. However, overall, India is turning into progressively alert to violence against kids, particularly sexual crimes.  Many cases that will have earlier gone unnoticed, are currently being reported.


UNICEF in India is functioning towards strengthening child protection systems; ending child marriage; promoting family-based various care, adolescent participation and engagement, and preventing child labor, violence against children, and gender-based violence. UNICEF conjointly focuses on the implementation of child defendion legislation and the promotion of practices that protect children from violence, abuse and exploitation. Building on increasing awareness towards ill-treatment (child abuse) in India, UNICEF can play a serious role in enhancing 2 missing parts of government action:  interference and rehabilitation of survivors of child abuse and exploitation.  Prevention (interference) is central to UNICEF programming as it is the simplest way to deal with child sexual abuse (crime) and exploitation.  UNICEF India conjointly works with the government to supply well-established family-based various care choices for kids while not parental care.

UNICEF conjointly focuses on services to forestall the separation of children from families and on rehabilitative services for deinstitutionalized children and care leaving youth. Priority is given to promoting social protection programs that incentivize the reduction of child labour and child marriage.

We hope that this article helped you In some way or another! For more such information, follow us on InstagramFacebookTwitterYoutubeTelegram, or subscribe to our newsletter.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here