FSSAI oversees India’s food industry. It’s an autonomous body under India’s Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act) created the FSSAI to regulate food safety in India. It ensures food quality checks, reducing food adulteration and substandard sales. It registers and licenses Food Business Operators (FBO) in India and sets rules for running food businesses in India.
Every food business owner or manager who makes, processes, stores, distributes, or sells food products must get FSSAI
Registration or License
FSSAI Registration is different from FSSAI License in that FBO should get the right registration or license based on the size and type of their business.
All food packages have a 14-digit registration number or license number printed on them. The 14-digit registration number tells you about the state where it was made and who has permission to make it. The goal of this registration process is to make FBO more responsible for keeping the quality of its food products. The Food Safety & Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food Business) Regulations, 2011 spell out how to get a license and what you need to do to get one.
Who Needs FSSAI Registration: Food Business Operators (FBOs)
FBOs that run any of the following types of businesses must get an FSSAI registration or license:
- Small shops and stores like Retail Shop, Snack Shop, Confectionery or Bakery Shop, etc.
- Temporary stalls or fixed stalls or food premises that prepare, distribute, store, and sell food products, such as Gol Gappa stall, chat stall, fruits/vegetable vendors, Tea Stall, snacks stall, Bread pakoda stall, Samosa stall, Chinese food stall, South Indian food stall, sweet stall, juice shops, etc.
- Hawkers are people who sell packaged or freshly made food by walking or pushing carts from one place to another.
- Dairy Units, such as Milk Chilling Units, Petty Milkman, and Milk Vendors.
- Units for making oil from plants.
- Slaughterhouses, such as places that sell meat, mutton, chicken, lamb, etc.
- Units for processing meat and fish.
- All units that make or process food, including those that repackage food.
- Food that peoples own and food that is new.
- facility for cold or refrigerated storage.
- Food product transporter with a variety of specialized vehicles, such as insulated refrigerated vans or wagons, milk tankers, food wagons, food trucks, etc.
- Food products are wholesaled, supplied, distributed, and sold by this business.
- Hotels, Restaurants, and Bars.
- Canteens and cafeterias, as well as canteens that serve lunch.
- Food Vending and Catering Services.
- Dhaba, PG serves food, Banquet halls that offer food catering, home-based canteens, and food stands at fairs or religious buildings.
- Food items, including food ingredients, are brought in and sent out of the country.
- E-Commerce food suppliers including cloud kitchens.
The type of FSSAI license or registration each of the above businesses needs depends on whether or not they meet the requirements. On the FSSAI, you can find the requirements for each type of business and each type of license/registration.
Types Registrations with the FSSAI
FSSAI registration depends on the type of business, how much money it makes, and how much it can make. FBOs can get different types of licences, such as a basic licence, a central licence, or a state licence, based on how much capacity they have and how much business they do.
FSSAI Basic Registration:
FBOs must get FSSAI basic registration if they make less than Rs.12 lakh per year. The FSSAI registration form that the applicant has to fill to obtain FSSAI basic registration is Form A.
FSSAI State License:
FBOs that make more than Rs.12 lakh per year but less than Rs.20 crore per year must get an FSSAI state license. Form B is the registration form for FSSAI that the applicant must fill out in order to get a state license from FSSAI.
FSSAI Central License:
FBOs with more than Rs.20 crore in sales per year must get an FSSAI central licence. Form- B is the registration form for FSSAI that the applicant must fill out in order to get an FSSAI central licence.
Online FSSAI registration
FBOs can register with FSSAI online by submitting Form A (application for registration) or Form B (application for state and central license) on the FoSCoS portal. FBOs can register offline by submitting Forms A or B to Food and Safety.
Documents must accompany the FSSAI registration form. The documents must be uploaded online on FoSCos or submitted to the Food and Safety Department with the application.
The Department can accept or reject the FSSAI registration form within 7 days of receiving a physical or online application through the FoSCoS portal. Rejections must be communicated in writing to applicants.
The Department reviews submitted documents. Before granting the FSSAI registration certificate, the Department may inspect the food premises.
If the Department is satisfied that the FBO meets all requirements, it will issue an FSSAI registration certificate with the registration number and applicant email ID photo. Logging into FoSCoS allows the applicant to download the FSSAI registration certificate.
FBOs should display their FSSAI registration during business hours.
All small-scale food businesses must have FSSAI Registration. This category includes:
- Any FBO with a 12-lakh-rupee annual turnover.
- Food merchant.
- Whoever makes or sells food alone.
- Temporary stallholders sell food.
- Except for caterers, anyone who serves food at a religious or social event.
FSSAI licensing Requirements
All FBOs except small businesses must have an FSSAI licence. FSSAI License can be divided into State FSSAI License and Central FSSAI License based on business size.
Large food manufacturers, importers, and exporters must obtain FSSAI registration from the central government. Small to medium-sized food manufacturers, transporters, marketers, and traders must obtain FSSAI registration from the state government. The FBO’s revenue must be between Rs 12 lakh and Rs 20 crore to apply for a state license.
Other conditions include 2MT/day manufacturing units and 5000L/day dairy units. 3-star hotels and above, repackers, labelers, clubs, and canteens must apply for the license. The license term is between 1 and 5 years.
To apply for a central license, an FBO must have a 20-crore-plus turnover and operate in two or more states. This license is required for importers and exporters. The maximum tenure is 5 years, the minimum is 1.
FSSAI food license benefits.
Obtaining a license can provide legal benefits, build goodwill, ensure food safety, and increase consumer awareness. It regulates import food production, storage, distribution, and sale. FSSAI-registered FBOs can easily raise investor funds.
The FSSAI logo on food products guarantees quality. Food premises with an FSSAI registration number meet hygiene and quality standards.
Any FSSAI-registered or licensed person must follow FSS Act, 2006 rules. The food safety officer inspects the food business operator’s facility and determines compliance with a checklist. The food safety officer rates compliance as:
The food safety officer may issue an improvement notice if required by Section 32 of the FSS Act, 2006. If the business operator doesn’t comply with the improvement notice, the officer may revoke his license. Food business owners who receive an improvement notice can appeal to the State Food Safety Commissioner. Food Safety Appellate Tribunal/High Court can review the decision.