It is said that the base of Indian democracy is on the election. Election means the right of the people which is given by the constitution for choosing the leader for the country. As the leader of the country plays a very important role to create the country in that phase where we want that our country should be. So election plays a wider and more important role.
In the world, there are many democratic countries. So the feature of democratic countries in the election, people’s choice, people’s opinions, and the voice of the country.
So, in short, we can say that democracy means, a country where the citizen of that country has the right to choose the leader for the country through voting, and election. Every country has a different type of democracy as per the citizen’s needs, their work is unique.
As every country has a different environment so the nature of democracy differs from country to country. In the Indian constitution, there are some articles, from which the citizen of India get the right to vote that is under part 15 and the article number is from 324 to 329.
Article 324: Superintendence, direction, and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission: (1) The superintendence, direction, and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to Parliament and to the Legislature of every State and of elections to the offices of President and Vice-President held under this Constitution 1 *** shall be vested in a Commission (referred to in this Constitution as the Election Commission).
(2) The Election Commission shall consist of the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissioners, if any, as the President may from time to time fix and the appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners shall, subject to the provisions of any law made in that behalf by Parliament, be made by the President.
(3) When any other Election Commissioner is so appointed the Chief Election Commissioner shall act as the Chairman of the Election Commission.
(4) Before each general election to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of each State, and before the first general election and thereafter before each biennial election to the Legislative Council of each State having such Council, the President may also appoint after consultation with the Election Commission such Regional Commissioners as he may consider necessary to assist the Election Commission in the performance of the functions conferred on the Commission by clause (1).
(5) Subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, the conditions of service and tenure of office of the Election Commissioners and the Regional Commissioners shall be such as the President may by rule determine:
Provided that the Chief Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his office except in the like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court and the conditions of service of the Chief Election Commissioner shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment:
Provided further that any other Election Commissioner or a Regional Commissioner shall not be removed from office except on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.
(6) The President, or the Governor 1 *** of a State, shall, when so requested by the Election Commission, make available to the Election Commission or to a Regional Commissioner such staff as may be necessary for the discharge of the functions conferred on the Election Commission by clause (1).
Article 325: No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.
Article 326: Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.
Article 327: Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.
Article 328: Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature.
Article 329: Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.
These are the important article which is given in the Indian constitution.
IMPORTANCE OF ELECTION IN A DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY:
- India is a democratic country where people choose the leader as Prime Minister, Chief minister, etc.
- There are two types of election, one is a direct election and the second is an indirect election.
- In a direct election, by the election of HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE (Lok Sabha), LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (Vidhan Sabha) takes place where citizens directly selected the leader for the next 5 years of terms.
- In an indirect election, by the election of the UPPER HOUSE (Rajya Sabha), and LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL (Vidhan Parishad) take place where citizens indirectly select the president and member of the legislative council.
- We need a leader at every stage of the country like central level, state level, district level, panchayat, municipality etc.
- Election always gives the choices to the people for selecting the better leader or representative to the country.
- In India, there are many political parties and citizens of India always get the benefit of this point they have the option to choose anyone. And after the election, the ruling party wins the election because the majority of citizens of the country choose that person.
These are the few points from which we can get the value of the election and the importance the main aim of the election is to provide representation to the people. In the past time, there are many cases whereby the corrupt the other party won the election rather than the competent one.
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