India, the world’s largest democracy, boasts the world’s longest constitution, with 448 Articles divided into 25 Parts and 12 Schedules, and it breathes the air of sovereignty. A notable place in Indian history is given to the narrative that led to the creation of the Indian Constitution. An Indian leader of the Communist movement named M.N. Roy originally planted the idea for the creation of a Constituent Assembly in 1934. Following this, the Indian National Congress seized the spotlight in 1935 with its call for the creation of a Constituent Assembly to draft the Constitution of India.
An insight into the Topic
Even though the British Government agreed to this demand in 1940, the draft proposal that the Government delivered to India with Sir Stafford Cripps was not well received by the Muslim League. Finally, it was the Cabinet Mission that proposed the idea of the Constituent Assembly, commencing the process of drafting the Indian Constitution and making history in the process. The Assembly spent the years 1946 to 1950 drafting the supreme law of democratic India, which was finally approved on November 26, 1949, taking effect on January 26, 1950, which has since become India’s Republic Day. The Indian Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly in exactly two years, eleven months, and seventeen days.
The Indian Constitution was written by the Constituent Assembly, which was founded in December 1946. 300 people made up the Constituent Assembly in 1946. The person in charge of leading the same was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. On August 29, 1947, the Constituent Assembly established a Drafting Committee, headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, to produce a draft constitution for India. The Assembly moved, considered, and voted on 2,473 of the 7,635 amendments that were submitted throughout its deliberations on the draft Constitution.
Evaluation of the formation of constitution
On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution was ratified, and on January 24, 1950, the members of Parliament signed it. 284 persons in all signed the Constitution. On the day the Constitution was signed, it rained, which was thought to be a good omen. On January 2, 1950, the Indian Constitution came into effect. On that day, the Assembly was dissolved, and the Provisional Parliament of India was established until a new Parliament was established in 1952.
In order to research and report on a number of important topics that needed to be addressed in the Constitution, the Constituent Assembly (CA) established a number of committees. By August 1947, the CA had addressed the main concepts presented in the recommendations of these committees. Based on the committee reports, Sir Benegal Narsing Rao, the Assembly’s constitutional advisor, drafted a document that incorporated all of the Assembly’s decisions. It contained 13 schedules and 240 provisions. It’s unlikely that many people are aware that Sir B N Rau wrote the first version of the Indian Constitution in October 1947.
The first draft of the constitution had marginal notes next to nearly every clause citing analogous clauses in other constitutions or the Government of India (GOI) Act 1935. At its first meeting on August 30, the Drafting Committee (DC) chose Dr. Ambedkar as its chairman. The DC then met for 42 days, starting on October 27, 1947, to go over each section of Rau’s initial draft. The DC gave the President of the Constituent Assembly a Revised Draft Constitution on February 21, 1948. It contained 8 schedules and 315 items. Ambedkar was courteous enough to thank the Joint Secretary and Draftsman, Sir B N Rau and Shri S N Mukherjee, in his covering letter.
As we conclude this article, it is important to note that, despite the numerous criticisms leveled at the Constituent Assembly’s operations, one cannot ignore the fact that, in addition to the rights and obligations granted to both the nation’s citizens and states, India is currently living in an atmosphere of sovereignty, democracy, and freedom as a result of the tireless efforts of eminent figures who came together to give India its biggest gift.