In 2004, the Chief Justice of India said that an E-Committee should be set up to help him develop a policy for computerizing the Indian Judiciary and make suggestions for changes in technology, communication, and management. The Kerala High Court also said that India will be getting two e-courts. Recently, the PM gave his approval to the Second phase of the e-courts Mission Project. This will allow the courts to serve the general public over the Internet.
An e-court is a court that doesn’t use paper and does all of its business online. Electronic Courts are one of the most important parts of India’s Information and Communication Technology (ICT) system, which is credited with making the Indian Judiciary more open and accountable and ensuring that cases can be resolved quickly. E-Courts are a part of how India’s judicial system is changing to make legal services and justice more available to the general public.
E-courts can not only make things more open and clearer, but they can also help clear up the huge backlog of cases in courts across the country, cut down on corruption, save time, and cut down on legal costs. In criminal cases, new technologies like video conferencing and e-courts make it easier to keep witnesses safe. With e-filing, a person can file their case from anywhere in the country with just a few clicks.
The main benefit of e-courts is that the parties, their lawyers, and the general public can all access the case’s entire database of information online. This makes it much easier to do legal research than if you had to look through many volumes of legal documents. Legal information stored in the e-directory court’s can’t be lost or changed without the right permissions. It becomes much easier to keep track of data for bail orders, warrants, small changes, and other things.
E-courts can make it easy for lawyers to file important documents for a case because they can do it from anywhere. To upload any document, a docket sheet can be made or changed in seconds. E-courts help courts use computers to manage their work. This makes it easier to manage cases because everything is in one place.
The goal of setting up e-courts in India is to make the whole legal process available to everyone. With e-case filing and video conferencing, people who can’t physically go to court to present their case or statement can do so digitally. The whole system can make it easier to see how justice is done, hold people more accountable, and reduce the amount of human interaction.
E-courts are just the beginning of change in the Indian Judiciary. Soon, there will be more e-courts all over India. In the near future, courts at the subordinate level will also be digitalized. This is another step forward for the Indian judicial system.
Since COVID-19 spread quickly in India, the work of the Judiciary, which is very important for making sure laws are followed, has slowed down. During this hard time, the Indian judiciary made a big decision about how to use video-conferencing technology to keep courts running while the country was locked down.
E-filing, e-court, and e-office projects launched
The paperless court, e-filing, and e-office projects of the High Court of Kerala will simplify and speed up the judicial process while decentralizing justice, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud said (who is also chairperson of the e-committee of the court).
By bringing justice to litigants’ doorsteps, such measures will reduce the burden on litigants and lawyers. Kerala, a pioneer in education and literacy, must ensure 100% computer literacy for lawyers and other stakeholders, including litigants, through easy-to-e-file guidelines, he said at the inauguration of a paperless court, e-filing modules for the High Court and State judiciary, and e-offices in State courts.
E-filing documents make them more accessible to litigants and lawyers, so he urged the state to promote digital literacy. E-Seva kendras, including village-level ones, will help. Encourage litigants and the Bar to use digital platforms. Justice Chandrachud added that he no longer uses physical files since the Supreme Court went virtual in June 2020.
E-files will make court hearings more efficient and make storing and transmitting records easier, he said. It shouldn’t be a pandemic-only stopgap. Consistent Bar engagement can ease initial concerns. He said litigants need free training. The Supreme Court’s e-committee is working to digitize existing cases and develop a paperless court system.
Pinarayi Vijayan said digital solutions have become the norm post-pandemic. A government e-office system helps the public track file movement, increasing efficiency, and transparency. All government offices, including village offices, are being connected to the e-office. Over 500 online and app-based services will eliminate lines at government offices and ensure doorstep delivery. Using technology to make the Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary more people-friendly could be a first in India, he said.
Videoconferencing will speed up undertrials justice and advance prisoners’ rights. The government will create more courts to fill judicial vacancies. Mr. Vijayan is building 20 more courts.
S. Manikumar, chief justice of the Kerala High Court, said the e-office project would improve judicial productivity and make justice affordable, accessible, transparent, and accountable. It will save manpower and resources. Six High Court courtrooms are digital.