The foundation of society rests upon how the society conducts itself in a social context. The law is the machinery of the government by which the inhabitants of each society are regulated and monitored. Generally, there are two sets of law
1. The civil law
2. The criminal law
This article pertains to how one should study the criminal law system. As we all know ignorance of the law is no excuse.
First of all, we should have a general understanding of crime.
What is a crime?
According to Blackstone, “crimes are those public wrongs which affect the entire the community, and on this basis, crimes can also, be defined as An act committed in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it.
A crime is an offense that is punished according to law. we all are aware that there are different kinds of punishment for offenses. If any law prescribes punishment for a wrongful act then that set of laws is known as the criminal law.
Indian criminal law system
The entire system of criminal law or criminal justice system in India is based upon three specific codes/acts
1 INDIAN PENAL CODE,1860
2. CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
- EVIDENCE ACT
How one should study IPC ,crpc, evidence act
Indian penal code is that particular code that lists out the activities which are termed as crimes in India. Therefore, the starting point of criminal law in India is IPC.
A criminal procedure code is a codified document that guides the court,judges, or law enforcement machineries to practically set criminal law in motion.
Evidence act can both be termed as procedural as well as substantive law but in essence, it is a procedural law. The judicial process set in motion by crpc aiming for enforcing any legal right or any criminal liability depending on certain facts. The law of evidence is that branch of criminal law that defines the criteria for judging which facts are essential to the justice delivery process.
Steps to study IPC,crpc , evidence
1. Comprehensive study of each section
2. Understanding each and every word in the statue
3. Understanding the chapter titles.
4. Once read separately, then all the acts should be read together.
5. Best method will be to make a narrative story in the mind and then use the principles of the statute.