One of the primary concerns that the government and other authorities are worried about is the obstacles that women in the nation confront. The government has established numerous commissions over the years to examine the well-being of women in the nation. According to their findings, all of these commissions’ recommendations call for establishing an apex body to examine and resolve women’s complaints in the country. Long after the need for such a body was felt, the National Commission for Women Bill 1990 was finally introduced in the Lok Sabha on May 22, 1990, to protect the public’s interests.
The National Commission for Women Act, 1990 established the National Commission for Women on January 31, 1992, to establish an equal and just means of subsistence for women in India by amending the country’s laws and constitution. Jayanti Patnaik served as the commission’s first chairman. Across all countries, societies, cultures, and social strata, violence against women constitutes an essential violation of human rights. This Commission was established to stop this fundamental right infringement and to assess the legal and constitutional protections for women. It offers advice to the government on all issues relating to women’s policy, promotes the redress of grievances, and suggests corrective legislative actions. The Commission must consist of a minimum number of members which includes a chairperson nominated by the central government, a member secretary, and the other five members.
Some Important Functions of the National Commission for Women
- The National Commission of Women has civil court authority. It looks into and analyses the issues surrounding the protections provided for female society by the Indian Constitution. Any person from any part of India may be summoned, forced to appear, and put under oath. It may also demand the production of any documents, receive testimony from affidavits, request any public record or a copy of it from any court or office, and issue commissions for the examination of witnesses and documents, among other things that may be prescribed.
- Investigate and review all issues pertaining to the protections for women provided by the Constitution and other laws.
- Report on the operation of those safeguards to the Central Government once a year and at other times the Commission may deem appropriate.
- Make recommendations in these reports for the Union or any state’s successful execution of the measures to improve the conditions of women.
- Analyze current sections of the Constitution and other laws that impact women occasionally and suggest revisions in order to provide corrective legislative actions to address any gaps, deficiencies, or shortcomings in such laws.
- File complaints with the proper authorities on violations of the Constitution’s provisions and other laws pertaining to women;
- Demand specialized research or examinations into particular issues or circumstances arising from discrimination and violence against women, and identify the obstacles to offer solutions.
- Engage in promotional and educational research to identify factors impeding women’s advancement, such as lack of access to housing and basic services, inadequate support services, and outdated tools for reducing drudgery and occupational health risks and boosting productivity, and to suggest ways to ensure that women are fairly represented in all spheres.
- Participate in and provide input on the socioeconomic planning process for women.
- Analyze the progress made in the development of women’s society under the Union and State.
- Financially support lawsuits concerning issues that a high number of women confront.
The National Commission for women has succeeded in carrying out its duty, though not entirely. There are some issues with how the Commission operates that, if fixed, would make it more effective and productive. They must have the freedom to choose their own members without bias, and they must possess a solid understanding of the law, society, and human behavior. For the Commission to function effectively, the Union Budget as well as State Budgets must provide adequate funding. A greater level of awareness and enlightenment is needed, especially among uneducated women in rural areas. To deal with such wrongdoing in our society, the state has a responsibility, but so do we. In order to better justify the work of the national commission for women, there should be greater public awareness of women’s oppression.