What is the Relevance of Sniffer Dogs under the Indian Evidence Act 1872?

Sniff dog

Have you seen the Bollywood movies in which stiffer dogs play a vital role in the investigation?

Have you ever wondered whether the evidence which is procured by sniffer dogs element for not in a court of law?

In this article, I’ll make sure that you will have a better idea about the relevancy of sniffer dogs’ evidence.

There are two Landmark judgments related to the sniffer dogs’ evidence-

  1. Abdul Razzak versus state.
  2. Gade Lakshmi Mangraju @ Ramesh vs State Of Andhra Pradesh.

The Supreme Court of India has held that the criminal courts need not bother with the evidence of never dogs due to the frailties (inherent weaknesses). Basically, the Supreme Court has held that the evidence of a sniffer dog is a very weak piece of evidence and we can say that it is a kind of HEARSAY EVIDENCE because the trainer of the sniffer dog can only decode what the dog said.

This is the reason why it has become hearsay evidence. This statement given by the trainer of the dog can be read by section 24 25 26 of the Indian Evidence Act. However, something can be used for the purpose of discovery under section 27 and for investigation purposes.

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(MARCH – APRIL 2022)


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